Registered reports and open science: a brief explainer
Registered reports are increasingly being discussed as a means of helping improve ethical and research standards in science and of reducing publication bias – the tendency for those studies with "interesting", novel results, rather than those which are "just" methodologically sound, to find an outlet and be published.
Preregistration basically involves submitting a description of an empirical research study (including theory, methods, hypotheses, etc.) prior to actually starting the empirical research. For a journal, it is this description which then undergoes peer-review and the paper will normally be accepted (or of course rejected) before the results are obtained. Once the results and analysis are in, then these parts are added to the paper and it can be published (subject of course to a final peer review).
Registered reports are one aspect of the current movement towards open science, which can also involve submission and the subsequent publication of research data, either as electronic supplementary material (ESM) in the journal where the article is published or in other external repositories.
Hogrefe’s psychology journals include some of the pioneers in the area of registered reports. These started with a widely reported special issue on replications in the journal Social Psychology, guest edited by Brain Nosek and Daniël Lakens working with the Center for Open Science, and published in 2014 (Nosek & Lakens, 2014).
Other Hogrefe journals have also introduced the opportunity for authors to submit registered reports, including Experimental Psychology (see Stahl, 2014), Journal of Media Psychology (see Krämer & Neubaum, 2017), and Journal of Personnel Psychology (see van Dick, 2015) in addition to Social Psychology. Many of these and our other journals also allow submission and subsequent open publication of electronic materials such as research datasets with the article’s version of record on our journal platform.
January 23, 2017
Krämer, N., & Neubaum, G. (2017). Journal of Media Psychology grows and develops. Journal of Media Psychology, 29, 175-175. doi.org/10.1027/1864-1105/a000241
Nosek, B. A., & Lakens, D. (2014). Registered reports: A method to increase the credibility of published results. Social Psychology, 45, 137–141. doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000192
Stahl, C. (2014). Experimental Psychology: Toward Reproducible Research. Experimental Psychology (2014), 61, pp. 1-2. doi.org/10.1027/1618-3169/a000257
van Dick, R. (2015). Registered reports, advance articles online, and the way ahead. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 14, 1-3. doi.org/10.1027/1866-5888/a000140